A non-punitive policy under an SMS program is a policy for the internal reporting of hazards, incidents or accidents, including the conditions under which immunity from disciplinary action will be granted. The intent of the policy is for organizations to receive data from personnel and then analyse how organizational processes are functioning, or why they are not being as safe as first
A simple non-punitive reporting policy.
Human factors variations could be controlled by enforcement. When applying this concept, variations are not managed, or considered, they are only enforced. Some industries are heavily into enforcing technical standards. When enforcing an outcome, the enforcement is of the outcome, or process result itself, and not of the processes which lead up to the result. This is an effective tool for selective non-compliance discovery, but an extreme ineffective and resource demanding tool for an unbiased process compliance discovery. In addition, for fully compliance with this enforcement process, the technical enforcement process itself must also self be enforced, which is a concept causing an indefinite level of layers of enforcement. However, when applying a non-punitive policy of process compliance, the resource demand is drastically reduced, compliance increased and higher profit generated.
Variables are the forks in the road.