Accountability is process in motion.
Trust is the first element of a just culture. Without trust there is nothing. A pilot is trusted to become a part of the operations, trusted with a single engine bush-plane or a multi-million dollars airplane and carrying one or several hundred passengers onboard who trust the pilot and the flight crew. Without trust there are no flights.
Learning is voluntarily.
The third element of a just culture is Accountability. Accountability is applied to trust and learning. Accountability is to be accountable to safety by staying of the correct side of the yellow line painted on a highway. If it was not learned what the yellow line communicates, a driver could be zigzagging across the line and if there were no trust the opposing traffic could not maintain safe separation.
Information Sharing applicable to the process.
Accountability is the backbone of a successful SMS. It is not to be held accountable in a traditional reactive concept, but it is to be held accountable in a proactive concept. When there is proactive accountability there is the ability to succeed under varying conditions, so that the number of intended and acceptable outcomes are as high as possible. Accountability is to harness human factors and human resilience.